Cat health care protocol

 

What

When 

Why

Physical exam Kitten: Upon acquisition, then with every vaccination.

Adult: Once  or twice a year.

To ensure good state of health and absence of congenital defects and other diseases.
Worming At 3 weeks of age, every 2-3 weeks until 12 weeks of age.   

*see worm information.

To eliminate intestinal round worms.
Fecal exam Every 3-4 weeks until 3 samples are negative, then once or twice a year.  To identify worm eggs and other intestinal parasites.
FVRCP vaccination At 6-8 weeks of age, repeated every 3-4 weeks until 5 months of age, then  once a year.

*see vaccine information.

Prevention of Feline distemper, rhinotracheitis and calicivirosis.
Rabies vaccination At 12-16 weeks of age, then once a year Prevention of rabies
FeLV vaccination At 9-12 weeks of age, repeated once, then once a year  

*only for in/outdoor cats or exposed to Feline Leukemia positive cats.

Prevention of feline leukemia
FeLV test Upon acquisition. To screen for feline leukemia infection.
Heartworm medication Every spring (April/May) until November/December.

Year around medication is recommended in some regions.

To prevent Heartworm disease.
External parasite prevention Every spring (April/May) until November/December. To prevent flea, mite and tick infestation.
 

VACCINATION INFORMATION 

Cats are very susceptible to several serious infectious diseases. Kittens get some temporary protection from their mothers, mostly via milk, during the first few days of life. This protection lasts about 6-8 weeks and it is at that point that the kitten is at high risk of contracting infectious diseases. In order to prevent these diseases, we stimulate and "build-up" the kitten's immunity with a series of vaccinations. 

Booster vaccinations are required yearly in order to maintain adequate protection, as antibody levels decrease over time if the immune system is not stimulated.

Common vaccines

FVRCP - FeLV - RV

PANLEUKOPENIA (Feline Distemper): a fatal contagious disease caused by a Parvovirus, characterized by debilitation, vomiting and diarrhea. Damage to the body can be permanent. 

RHINOTRACHEITIS: a highly contagious upper respiratory tract disease caused by a Herpesvirus, characterized by oculonasal inflammation. The disease can be fatal in kittens. Infected cats may become carriers for life. 

CALICIVIROSIS: a highly contagious upper respiratory tract disease, potentially fatal in kittens, caused by a Calicivirus, characterized by oculonasal inflammation, gengivitis and oral ulcerations. Infected cats may become permanent carriers. 

PNEUMONITIS: a contagious disease caused by a Chlamidia organism, characterized by respiratory tract infection. Cats may become permanently infected. 

LEUKEMIA: a contagious disease caused by a Retrovirus characterized by leukemia, debilitation or neoplasia. The disease is transmitted by direct contact. 

RABIES: a fatal contagious disease transmitted through bite of infected animals. All mammals including man are susceptible. The disease is characterized by severe neurologic signs that progress until death. Many wildlife animals (raccoons, skunks, foxes, bats) may carry rabies.

 

Worms

Worms are common parasites of dogs and cats. They can infect animals at any age with potentially fatal consequences. Many of these worms can be transmitted to humans and cause serious problems.

Puppies and kittens acquire worms from their mothers before or after birth. Adult animals can be infested any time by direct or indirect contact with contaminated environment.

It is extremely important to control worms by means of routine sanitation, immediate removal of fecal material and strict personal hygiene.

 

Heartworm disease

Heartworms are transmitted by mosquitoes and cause serious heart problems in dogs and also in cats. To prevent this fatal disease cats are given preventative medication each year between April and November. Each spring, every cat should be tested (blood test) to ensure it is disease free. In some areas year around heartworm prevention is recommended.

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Yuval Nir
Naperville University Commons Animal Clinic- The-vet.net
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Veterinarians, Animal hospital