Care of the pet cat   

Moses

Selecting a cat

 

Quite often a cat will select you, whether in a shelter, a pet store or knocking on your door. There are numerous breeds of cats, but the most common pet cat is the domestic cat and they make great companions. Cats tend to have long lives and they are likely to stay with you for many years. If possible, get history of parents or previous home. Examine the cat for overall appearance and disposition. Make sure he is alert, friendly and free of obvious problems such as limping, skin lesions, nasal or ocular discharge and bad odor. Whichever cat you select, make sure you can provide it's needs ( space, attention, feeding etc.) for a long term. 

Selecting an older cat

Adult cats are not a bad choice. If the cat has history of a good home and problem free personality, he will make an excellent pet. Cats are highly adaptable and adjust to changes fast, especially to better environment.

Selecting a Kitten

Raising a  kitten is a riot. Kittens are very entertaining and can keep you and your family busy for hours. They are fun and are extremely playful. Expect to see your furry creature flying all over the house and the damage that will need repairing ... You have to be ready for this until they mature.

The purebred cat

With a purebred cat you make a choice of the breed you like (Disposition, inclination, coat, qualities and problems). Often you will be able to know the parents and the family history and most breeders will offer some guarantees. Some lines will have a certain strength (i.e. size, color, disposition) and some specialize in show qualities. 

A new cat at home

It is a good idea to read literature if this is your first cat. The more you know, the easier it gets. Designate contained areas in the house. Make your home kitten and cat safe. Remember that kittens are very inquisitive. Have poisons, plants, small object and garbage out of reach. Get food dishes (stainless steel, glass or ceramic),  toys, a cat carrier, litter and litter boxes. Set an appointment with the veterinarian to have your cat checked within 72 hours. Its a good idea to check a stool sample for parasites as well. 

The first few days might not  be easy, some cats will hide away for a day or two. Confine the cat to one room and leave food, fresh water and a litter box for him to use whenever he wants. Cats usually adapt fast and will integrate into your home environment within a week or so. It is a good idea to keep the cat on the same food he is used to. Take time to be with your new cat to secure him  and develop your bond, allow family time for socializing. 

Life with the pet cat

Feeding

You may leave food out all day for the cat. Kitten formulated food should be used until about one year of age. Always use a well known brand of food. Most known brands are nutritionally adequate. Fresh water should be available at all times. 

Treats are to be given with moderation. 

Activities

Scatching post- If you care about your furniture's appearance, provide your cat with a scratching post early on and encourage the cat to use it.

House breaking- Most cats will use the litter box readily. On occasion you will encounter problems that may result from the litter quality or the box location. In that case you will need to experiment with different litter, boxes and locations. Clumping litter often works well.

Grooming- Cats usually do an excellent job grooming themselves. Brushing  The more you brush, the less hair you will have around the house. Cats do not require frequent bathing. Bathing cause reduction in the protective oils of the the skin and coat. Start nail trimming early and let the cat get used to the procedure. cats often have low tolerance to foot manipulation and if they are not used to nail trimming, it may become a difficult task.

Veterinary care

The veterinarian is the primary source of expertise regarding your pet cat. You should get all of your pet care questions answered by your veterinarian. Make it a rule of thumb to follow the instructions and the advice you are given and to ask everything you need to know.

At your first kitten visit, your veterinarian will get the medical and vaccination history, check your kitten, discuss the pet cat care and maybe vaccinate and worm the cat. You will then get a follow-up visit and vaccination plan tailored to your puppy's special needs. 

Your doctor will discuss  with you reproduction health issues and if appropriate declawind, spay or neuter surgeries.

Remember that after the kitten's initial care, he will need a yearly physical exam, vaccination and a fecal exam. In most states cats receive preventative heartworm medication and are tested for the disease one a year. The yearly visit is the best way to keep pets healthy and to ensure early detection of problems, before they become serious. Your veterinarian is your partner in the mission of caring for your cat. Good and consistent communication is the corner stone of excellent pet care and you should discuss all your pet care issues with your veterinarian at any time. 

Emergencies

Emergencies happen and you must be prepared for them. Keep a watchful eye on problems such as:

Normal values of cats are:

temperature 100.5-102.5 heart rate 160-240 respirations 26

Your veterinarian will offer you emergency care either directly or through referral to a near by specialized emergency clinic.

 

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